The basics of phonics is to teach how to recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes or identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make, it is important that phonics is taught in the correct structured stages and progress through the levels. Children then can use this information to correctly speak new words they encounter whilst reading. They will feel a sence of reward and enjoyment being able to read for themselves.

Phonics screening checks has been put into place in uk schools to determin children are at the expected level for their age. Children in the class will individully sit with a teacher and read 40 words out aloud. some words will be common to the child whilst other will be new and also contain made up non-words. There is no time limit to the test and if the child is struggling then the teacher will stop to avoid any stress to the child. Remeber all children are individuals and will develope at different rates. The results of the test will detemin which children require extra help with their phonics decoding.



How to help your Child with Phonics

Teaching phonics works best when a fun element is applied. Remember to reward and give plenty of encourament.

Always ask the school for information on how they approach learning phonics and in turn try to work with the same methods and pattern. For example the teacher should be able to tell you which letter sounds they will be covering each week. You can then highlight these sounds when you read at home with your child.

There are a range of phonic teaching available like these child tested phonics flash cards that are ideal for reinforcing the important basic phonic skills at an early age. the set includes activity ideas cards to challenge your child's different growing skill levels. 56 Cards feature photo illustrations for real life learning. We stock a huge range of literecy based flash cards available


When reading encourage your child to sound out unfamiliar words by blending the sounds together from left to right without guessing by looking at the picture. Give yourself a pat on the back and your child a reward such as a reward sticker for new words read this way. Its a big step in progression.

Try to make time to read each day although dont try to push too much reading onto your child. If your child is getting restless or fed up of reading pop in a bookmark and return where you left off the next day.